ME Labs, Inc.
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microEngineering Labs, Inc. | 1-719-520-5323 | Example Program - HARDPWM.pbp

PICBASIC PRO program to demonstrate hardware PWM. Output is a 1Khz signal with duty cycle sweeping from 20% to 80% once per second. PWM output will be on the CCP1 pin. Register names are for the PIC16F87x devices.
' Name        : HARDPWM.pbp
' Compiler    : PICBASIC PRO Compiler 2.6
' Assembler   : PM or MPASM
' Target PIC  : 12F, 16F, 18F
' Hardware    : Non specific
' Oscillator  : 4MHz internal or external
' Keywords    : HARDWARE PWM
' Description : PICBASIC PRO program to demonstrate hardware PWM.
' Output is a 1Khz signal with duty cycle sweeping from 20% to 80% once per second.
' PWM output will be on the CCP1 pin. Register names are for the PIC16F87x devices.
'

' PR2 = Timer2 period register, controls PWM period.
' CCPR1L and CCP1CON<5:4>bits control the duty cycle,
' and should be treated as a 10-bit word.

' Fosc = Clock Frequency (4MHz)
' PS = Timer2 Prescale Value (T2CON<1:0>)
' Freq = PWM output frequency
' Duty% = Duty cycle (20% = 0.2)

' formulas:
' PR2=(Fosc/(4*PS*Freq))-1
' CCPR1L:CCP1CON<5:4>=(PR2+1)*4*Duty%

duty VAR WORD  ' Duty cycle value (CCPR1L:CCP1CON<5:4>)

   TRISC.2 = 0          ' Set PORTC.2 (CCP1) to output
   CCP1CON = %00001100  ' Set CCP1 to PWM 
   T2CON = %00000101    ' Turn on Timer2, Prescale=4

' Use formula to determine PR2 value for a 1KHz signal, 
' 4MHz clock, and prescale=4. (4E6/(4*4*1E3))-1=249

   PR2 = 249      ' Set PR2 to get 1KHz out
        
' Use formula to determine CCPR1L:CCP1CON<5:4> value for
' ends of range 20% to 80%.  (249+1)*4*0.2=200 (20% value)
' (249+1)*4*0.8=800 (80% value)

   duty = 200      ' Set duty cycle to 20%

mainloop:
   CCP1CON.4 = duty.0   ' Store duty to registers as
   CCP1CON.5 = duty.1   ' a 10-bit word
   CCPR1L = DUTY >> 2
   duty = duty + 10     ' Increase duty cycle

' Since the total sweep of duty is 600 (800-200) and 
' we are adding 10 for each loop, that results in 60
' steps min to max. 1 second divided by 60 = 16.67mS            

   Pause 17             ' Pause 1/60 of second

   IF (duty < 800) Then mainloop  ' Do it again unless 80% duty cycle
   duty = 200           ' Reset to 20% duty cycle
   GoTo mainloop        ' Do it forever

   End

           

Download the program file.